Livelihoods Promotion

Livelihoods Promotion

Transforming Lives

NRLM focuses on stabilizing and promoting existing livelihoods portfolio of the poor through its three pillars – 

  • ‘vulnerability reduction’ and ‘livelihoods enhancement’ through deepening/enhancing and expanding existing livelihoods options and tapping new opportunities in farm and non-farm sectors;
  • ‘employment’ - building skills for the job market outside; and
  • ‘enterprises’ - nurturing self-employed and entrepreneurs (for micro-enterprises).

Vulnerability Reduction & Livelihoods Enhancement

NRLM encourages the delivery of services/entitlements (such as MGNREGS, PDS)    through the SHGs and their federations. The institutions of the poor set aside funds towards vulnerability reduction - food security, health security, etc. Vulnerability Reduction Fund is also used for meeting the emergency needs of the poor and meeting the needs of the ultra-poor and vulnerable households on a differential footing.NRLM promotes and supports Collectives towards Sustainable Livelihoods of the Poor (CSLP) around key livelihoods of the poor. These collectives offer their members access to livelihoods knowledge, skills, technology, market intelligence, risk management products and credit support through their SHGs and Federations to individual members/households.

NRLM, through Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP), is promoting and facilitating scaling-up successful, small-scale projects that enhance women’s participation and productivity in agriculture and allied activities.

Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP), launched in 2010-11, is a special programme for livelihood enhancement under NRLM. It is a concerted effort to recognize the role of women in agriculture, to enhance their capacities and increase their income in agriculture and allied activities. MKSP aims to ensure household food and nutrition security of the poor and the poorest of poor.

Its primary focus is on promoting and facilitating the scale-up of successful small-scale projects with the help of NGOs, CBOs and other government agencies across the country. It is envisaged that these projects would emerge as resource centres.

Its key elements include –

  • Focus on inclusion of the poorest of poor
  • Community Managed Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture practices.
  • Support to various strategies and ways of reducing drudgery of MahilaKisans.
  • Supporting institutions around agriculture and allied activities to strengthen livelihoods of the poor.
  • Developing a wide pool of community practitioners (CRPs) to ensure participatory service delivery and country wide scale up of best practises.

Thematic Interventions

Sustainable Agriculture

MKSP promotes sustainable agriculture where the inputs are localized, risks are mitigated, productivity is enhanced, food security is ensured and hence the net income of family is increased. The important objectives of MKSP-Agriculture are as follows:

  • Create sustainable agricultural livelihood opportunities for women in agriculture
  • Ensure food and nutrition security at the household and the community level
  • Improve the skills and capabilities of women in agriculture to support farm-based activities
  • Enhance the managerial capacities of women in agriculture for better management of bio-diversity

Non-Timber Forest Produce (NTFP)

MKSP promotes sustainable practices across the entire value chain of NTFP - regeneration, collection, processing & marketing. The important objectives of MKSP-NTFP are as follows:

  • Ensure greater control of the institutions of poor on NTFP value chain
  • Promote regeneration of NTFP species to improve the bio diversity and enhance productivity
  • Build capacity of the community in modern harvesting and post harvesting techniques to increase their income
  • Promote value addition and set up market linkages for NTFP to ensure higher returns

Employment

NRLM implements Aajeevika Skill Development Programme (ASDP). 25% of NRLM Funds are earmarked for this purpose. ASDP facilitates building the skills of the rural youth and placement in relatively high wage employment in the growing sectors of economy.

Self-employment

One of the pillars of the Livelihoods promotion strategy of NRLM is nurturing self-employment and entrepreneurship. In this regard, NRLM is encouraging public sector banks to set up Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs) in all districts of the country on the linesof Rural Development Self Employment Institute (RUDSETI) model. National Academy of RUDSETIs is supporting RSETIs in this effort.

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